Rifle: Chinese Hanyang Type 88

Chinese Hanyang 88 Tilt

Rifle Hanyang Type 88 Manufacturer Hanyang and 21st Arsenals
Cartridge 7.92x57mm Overall Length 49.2″
Action Rotation bolt Barrel Length 29.1″
Magazine 5 rounds, enbloc clip Weight 8.9lbs


A German military rifle design from 1888 served through WWII and beyond in the hands of Chinese soldiers.  This rifle saw the end of the Qing and decades later the rise of the Communists.

Rifle: Chinese Mauser Zhong Zheng Shi (Chiang Kai-shek)

Chinese-Mauser-Type-Zhongzheng tilt

Rifle Chinese Zhong Zheng Shi Rifle Manufacturer Gongxian, Hanyang, Nanking
Cartridge 7.92x57mm Overall Length 43.6″
Action Rotation Bolt Barrel Length 23.6″
Magazine 5 rounds staggered Weight 8.8 lbs


Commonly known as the “Chiang Kai Shek” rifle, this Chinese copy of the Mauser Standard Modell is one of the most produced and heavily used military rifles in history.  Despite the millions made and their extreme service lives, many collectors take little notice of these guns in their research or collecting.

Rifle: Chinese Modified US Model 1917 Carbine

Chinese Rifle M1917 tilt

Rifle US M1917 “Carbine” Manufacturer Unknown
Cartridge 7.62×63mm Overall Length 41″
Action Rotation Bolt Barrel Length 22″
Magazine 5-rnds fixed box Weight ?? lb


On rare occasion collectors have stumbled into shortened, WWI-vintage M1917 rifles without much explanation. We’ve since learned that these guns were part of aid sent to China during WWII and modified to fit their small-statured troops.

Rifle: Dutch Beaumont-Vitali 71/88

 Dutch Rifle Beaumon-Vitali M71-88 tilt

Rifle Beaumont-Vitali M71/88 Manufacturer Various
Cartridge 11.3x51mmR Overall Length 52″
Action Rotation Bolt Barrel Length 32.7″
Magazine 4 rnd fixed box Weight 10 lbs


The Beaumont-Vitali was the first Dutch bolt action and featured a unique spring setup in the handle.  In 1888 it saw some updates before finally being replaced with a true smokeless rifle.

Rifle: Dutch Mannlicher Carbine No.3 Old Model

Dutch Mannlicher No3 OM Tilt

Rifle Mannlicher Carbine No.3 OM Manufacturer Steyr, A.I.
Cartridge 6.5x53mmR Overall Length 37.5″
Action Rotation Bolt Barrel Length 17″
Magazine 5-rnds Enbloc Weight 7 lbs.


Differences between Dutch Mannlichers can get pretty nuanced but we’ve covered that before.  Let’s take a look at the model that introduced the bizarre and iconic long handguard.

Rifle: Dutch Mannlicher Model 1895

Netherlands Rifle Mannlicher M1895 Full tilt

Rifle Mannlicher M1895 Manufacturer Steyr, Hembrug
Cartridge 6.5×53mmR Overall Length 51″
Action Rotation Bolt Barrel Length 31.1″
Magazine 5-rnds en-bloc Weight 9.5 lb


The Netherlands joined the European smokeless powder revolution with this Mannlicher long rifle and the then-new 6.5mm cartridge.

Rifle: Dutch Mannlicher No.5 Carbine

Dutch Mannlicher No.5 Tilt

Rifle Mannlicher M1895 Manufacturer Hembrug
Cartridge 6.5×53mmR Overall Length 37.5″
Action Rotation Bolt Barrel Length 17″
Magazine 5-rnds en-bloc Weight 7.2 lb


At the outbreak of WWII the Dutch armed forces were still more than equipped with WWI surplus rifles, but they had mechanized and changed and needed more carbines.  As we’ve seen elsewhere, a simple and thrifty plan was put into place.

Rifle: Egyptian Hakim Rifle

Egyptian Hakim Rifle Tilt

Rifle Hakim Rifle Manufacturer Maadi Factory
Cartridge 7.92x57mm Overall Length 47.8″
Action Direct Impingement Barrel Length 25.1″
Magazine 10-rnds dtch box Weight 9.8 lb


Unhappy with their FN-49 rifles and unwilling to rely on foreign powers, Egypt wanted a new rifle.  So they looked to Sweden for designs and tooling to start their own production line.

Rifle: Finnish Mosin-Nagant m/24

Finnish Mosin Nagant M91-24 tilt

Rifle Mosin-Nagant m/24 Manufacturer SAKO
Cartridge 7.62x54mmR Overall Length 51.2″
Action Rotation Bolt Barrel Length 31.5″
Magazine 5-rnds charger fed Weight 9.6 lb


It wasn’t too long ago we covered the Finnish versions of the Mosin-Nagant M1891.  Some of you might have noticed a variation missing, but in reality this marginally different gun is another model entirely.

Rifle: Finnish Mosin-Nagant Model 1891


Rifle Mosin-Nagant M1891 Manufacturer Various
Cartridge 7.62x54mmR Overall Length 51.5″
Action Rotation Bolt Barrel Length 31.5″
Magazine 5-rnds charger fed Weight 9.5 lbs


Finland’s declaration of independence made an instant enemy of the massive Russian nation.  Taking up left over imperial Mosin-Nagant rifles, they went to work refurbishing, repairing, and improving.  These Model 1891’s were the most basic of their modifications.