A Quick and Dirty Guide: Dutch Mannlichers

overheadAll right, this one is meant to cover the standard issue Mannlicher 1895 rifles and carbines used by the Dutch Army, Navy, and East Indies forces.  We have not had time to research Indonesian modifications, of which there are at least three, KSO rifles, or experimental models.



Rifle Model 1895M1895

Date 1895 Used By Infantry Mag Cover Absent Handguard Full Sling Swivels Under/Under

This is the original Dutch Model 1895 Long Rifle.  We’ve covered it in detail before.  Somewhat hard to miss, there are three long rifles in 6.5mm.  Most encountered will probably be this one from the Army, but check the other two (Navy and KNIL) in this list to be sure.


Carbine No.1 Old ModelNo1 OM

Date 1896 Used By Cavalry Mag Cover Present Handguard Absent Sling Swivels Side/Side

This simple cut-down rifle was introduced as a Cavalry carbine.  Originally it was not fitted with a bayonet but later a modified Beaumont socket bayonet was adapted to fit.  The oversized rear sling swivel stands out.  This gun also sports a wooden magazine cover to keep it from wearing on the soldier’s uniform when worn over the back.


Carbine No.2 Old Model
No2 OM

Date 1896 Used By Military Police Mag Cover Absent Handguard Absent Sling Swivels Under/Under

This handy military police carbine sports a folding bayonet along the right side.  This hinges downward to swing around and lock into position.  The assembly is attached by the unique sleeve/sight protector over the barrel.


Carbine No.3 Old ModelNo3 OM

Date 1896 Used By Engineers, Artillery Mag Cover Absent Handguard Long Sling Swivels Under/Under

This carbine was adopted to arm engineers, artillerymen, coastal torpedoers, and other units who would not be primarily using their rifles.  The most outstanding feature is its oversized handguard.  These were prone to damage and when exported to the U.S. most were stripped from the carbines in order to provide a more uniform marketable gun.  Complete pieces are uncommon.


Carbine No.4 Old ModelNo4 OM

Date 1909 Used By Cyclists Mag Cover Present Handguard Short Sling Swivels Side/Side

In 1909 this carbine was introduced for bicycle troops and messengers.  Similar to the No.3, it has side-mounted sling swivels and a wooden magazine protector in order to be worn on the back.  The handguard was also shortened and stops at the barrel band.  We’re going to see some “New Models” next and there was a No.4 New Model, but these were identical to the No.1 New Model.  They were phased out for the No.1 NM after only about 400 units.  No examples are known, or even a sure way to distinguish one from the No.1 NM.


Carbine No.1 New ModelNo1 NM

Date 1918 Used By Cavalry Mag Cover Present Handguard Long,Short Sling Swivels Side/Side

This model was introduced in 1918 in order to provide a more standard bayonet mount to the cavalry.  The first examples had the same long handguard as the No.3, but this was replaced with the shortened handguard of the No.4.


Carbine No.2 New ModelNo2 NM

Date 1918 Used By Military Police Mag Cover Absent Handguard Short Sling Swivels Under/Under

A primarily cosmetic change, the No.2 New Model fitted a handguard to this military police carbine.  The specialized barrel band was dropped as unnecessary to manufacture and was replaced with a standard one (even though it would be impossible to fit a bayonet to this lug).


Carbine No.3 New ModelNo3 NM

Date 1918 Used By Artillery, Engineers Mag Cover Present Handguard Long Sling Swivels Under/Under

This model is basically the same as the No.3 OM, but with the inclusion of a magazine cover.


Carbine No.3 Modified ModelNo3 Modified

Date 1932 Used By Signal Troops Mag Cover Present Handguard Long Sling Swivels Side/Under

Dutch signal troops were in need of a carbine suitable for being slung on the back.  With surplus No.3 NMs available, this model was produced by removing the forward sling swivel and installing one on the left side of the forestock.


Carbine No.5No5

Date 1938 Used By Artillery, Anti-Air Mag Cover Absent Handguard Long Sling Swivels Under/Under

With the onset of WWII, the Dutch sought to better arm their growing number of troops.  Instead of producing new rifles, they delved into the large stores of WWI long guns.  Original M1895 rifles were cut down, stocks cut down, handguards fitted.  The original rear sling swivels were moved further back and their original holes filled.  The swivel-less front bands had them soldered on.  Apparently these carbines were given handguards but it appears some were already missing in Dutch service before export.  We’ve covered it here.



Rifle 1895 NavalM1895

Date 1895 Used By Infantry Mag Cover Absent Handguard Full Sling Swivels Under/Under

The Naval long rifle is just about identical to the Army’s.  The telltale will be that Naval rifles do not have a letter prefix in the serial number.


Carbine M95 NavalNaval Carbine

Date 1939 Used By Navy Mag Cover Absent Handguard Short Sling Swivels Under/Under

These carbines follow the same reasoning and process as the No.5.  They are unique, however, with their heavy front sight protectors.



Rifle 1895 KNILM1895 KNIL

Date 1897 Used By Infantry Mag Cover Absent Handguard Full Sling Swivels Under/Under

Originally these guns would have been nearly identical to the Army and Navy guns.  The only initial difference was that the handguard uses an additional spring clip to hold it on.  In 1911 the finger rest was lengthened and also now turns 90 degrees upwards behind the sight.


Carbine M95 CavalryKNIL Cavalry

Date 1898 Used By Cavalry Mag Cover Present Handguard Absent Sling Swivels Side/Side

First we should probably point out that KNIL carbines are easy to spot by their slings.  Sling swivels on the Army and Navy rifles are simple, heavy wire we’re used to seeing on nearly every other milsurp.  The KNILs use stamped steel, shaped into a T-like loop.  They are smaller looking at first glance and definitely unique in milsurp circles.

This cavalry carbine released as a colonial compliment to the No.1 OM.  In 1902 the solid butt plate was replaced with a skeletonized version that left exposed wood.  In 1912 this carbine was updated to include a standard bayonet lug forward barrel band.  In 1933 the left-side sling loop was replaced with a larger, circular one.


Carbine M95 ConstabularyKNIL MP

Date 1898 Used By Constabulary Mag Cover Absent Handguard Absent Sling Swivels Under/Under

These uncommon carbines are derived from the cavalry model.  Otherwise identical, they lack a magazine cover and have underside sling swivels.  Like the cavalry, these can also be found with bayonet lugs.


Carbine M95 ArtilleryKNIL Artillery

Date 1904 Used By Artillery Mag Cover Absent Handguard Absent Sling Swivels Under/Under

Perhaps one of the strangest Dutch carbines, these artillery models use a “plug in” bayonet without grip plates.  Immediately identifiable by the unusual barrel band with a hole in the base.


Carbine M95 GenieKNIL Genie

Date 1917 Used By Pioneers, Engineers Mag Cover Absent Handguard Absent Sling Swivels Under/Under

This engineer’s model was introduced in order to arm specialty troops with a carbine accepting a standard bayonet pommel.


9 Responses to “A Quick and Dirty Guide: Dutch Mannlichers”

  1. Martin says:

    Could you also do an aricle on the Austrian Mannlicher series of rifles? I am very interested in this topic. I found the artcle on the Mannlicher M95/24 and M95M very educational.

  2. Jerald Stamps says:

    Enjoyed your little precis on the Dutch Mannlicher carbines. I have a variant you don’t list. It is a 1918 Hembrug with short handguard, wooden magazine cover, side front swivel per your article and a butt swivel on the bottom of the stock. The carbine is in near new condition with receiver in the white, never blued like the barrel and rest of other furniture. Oh yeah, the stock has a big 1918 Hembrug circle cartouche stamped on the right side So, who got issued this little gun and what model is it exactly? Inquiring mind want to know. Thanks in advance.//Jerald

    • Othais says:

      Off the top of my head the only “mismatch” sling I know of is the No.3 Modified but if you have the time pop some pictures and email them over to us. Just click the letter icon on the left. I will take a look for you.

  3. Chris Morton says:

    I almost bought one of these when some came through Springfield Sporters(?) in the ’90s.

    I really like the Commission ’88s that I’ve owned, but I suspected that 6.5mm rimmed ammunition would quickly become scarce. With reloadable components being even scarcer, I passed. My suspicions were well founded. My bet would be that only Old Western Scrounger (or whomever they are now) would have reloadable cases, and they’d come at a premium price.

    Still, they’re elegant rifles.

  4. staghounds says:

    Cases can be easily made from 30-40 or 303.

  5. Todd J Welsh says:

    just today a guy gave me a constabulary carbine for a beat up double barrel shotgun. the carbine had been converted to .303 by the indonesian government

  6. Warren Jackson says:

    Are any M1895 parts interchangeable with German M88 commission rifles?

    Thanks Jackson

  7. Frank McGlothlin says:

    I love all your guides as they are professionally done. Would you know what a large letter R in a circle stamped on a Dutch m-95 carbine buttstock signify? I would appreciate your help.
    Thanks, Frank.

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